Linux for Chess Part 1 - How to install Debian 11
This is the first part of the course where I will introduce the installation of Debian 11.
It will be installed on a computer based on a popular architecture: AMD64.
The course is aimed at beginners. The content includes a lot of details and is written so that everyone is able to install Debian 11 on the computer.
The full name of the system: Debian GNU/Linux 11 (bullseye).
Let's start with...
Below, in the first section of this course, you will learn how to properly download the installer.
However, if you are interested in purchasing pre-prepared installation media or a computer that already has Debian installed, you will find the information you need here: https://www.debian.org/distrib/index.en.html
1. Downloading the Debian 11 installer file.
To download the installer, go to the Debian website: https://www.debian.org
Once at the Debian site, click on the Download button to the right.
After clicking on the link marked with a red border: debian-11.3.0-amd64-netinst.iso
the installer will download.
Debian 11 can be installed on many different architectures and in many different ways.
To simplify the installation process of this system, the creators of Debian 11 have provided the so-called netinst, which is an installer of a small size that will download all required and latest programs at runtime. We will use this installer in this part of the course.
Depending on the computer on which you want to install Debian 11, you will need to choose a suitable installer.
In this case, I chose an installer suitable for the AMD64 architecture, one of the most common, which is for computers based on 64-bit AMD and Intel processors, among others.
need an installer for a different architecture, such as ARM64
or you have a computer with a 32-bit processor
or your Internet access is not fast and you would like to install everything from a USB stick or CD/DVD
Then go to this page: https://www.debian.org/distrib/index.en.html to download the appropriate installer.
2. Preparing the Debian 11 installer.
To install Debian 11 from the downloaded installer, which comes as an .ISO image, you need to burn it to a USB flash drive or a CD / DVD.
If you are going to install Debian in a virtual machine, then the modern software you use (e.g. Parallels Desktop, Virtual Box, Vmware, etc.) can use the downloaded .ISO installer without additional operations.
Depending on the system you are using, prepare a Debian 11 installation media with the help of these guides:
How do I write an ISO image under Linux/Unix?
How do I write an ISO image under Mac OS?
How do I write an ISO image under Windows?
Usually, preparing the installation medium is a simple operation.
For example, on recent versions of Windows, this can be done natively by right-clicking the ISO and selecting "Burn image to disk (or similar)".
If you have questions that are not answered in this part of course, I suggest you visit: https://www.debian.org/CD/faq/index.en.html
3. Installing Debian 11.
Launch the installer.
The welcome screen should appear.
If you see it - congratulations!
We start installing your new Debian 11 system :)
Use the arrow keys on your keyboard to select: Graphical install and press the Enter key.
A window will be shown in which you should select the language that will be used during installation and will be the default language when Debian is installed.
Installing Debian 11, which is a modern operating system, is not difficult.
The installer is designed in such a way that even a novice user should be able to cope, as all the most important installation parameters will be automatically prepared during the process.
The installer window at the top tells you the current installation parameter.